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Alexander Pope

孟一凡

孟一凡先生,上海人。我们班的泛读教授之一。 待人温文尔雅,没有教授架子,一派儒者风度。因家庭原因调到上海出版单位之后,因车祸英年早逝。

pangwithchild
二排右起第4人是孟先生

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WENGU
English Poet Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
alexanderpope
Alexander Pope, by Michael Dahl.
(The portrait is in the public domain)

Alexander Pope (1688 – 1744) was born in London to Alexander Pope (senior, a linen merchant) and Edith Pope (née Turner), who were both Catholics。 He is generally regarded as the greatest English poet of the eighteenth century, best known for his satirical verse and for his translation of Homer. He is the third most frequently quoted writer in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, after Shakespeare and Tennyson. Pope was a master of the heroic couplet . In May, 1709, Pope's Pastorals was published in the sixth part of Tonson's Poetical Miscellanies. This brought instant fame to Pope. This was followed by An Essay on Criticism published in May 1711 , which was equally well received. Pope's next well known poem was The Rape of the Lock; first published in 1712, with a revised version published in 1714. This is sometimes considered Pope's most popular poem because it was a mock-heroic epic, written to make fun of a high society quarrel between Arabella Fermor (the "Belinda" of the poem) and Lord Petre, who had snipped a lock of hair from her head without her permission. In his poem he treats his characters in an epic style; when the Baron steals her hair and she tries to get it back, it flies into the air and turns into a star.

"An Essay on Criticism" was first published anonymously on 15 May 1711. Pope began writing the poem early in his career and took about three years to finish.At the time the poem was published, the heroic couplet style (in which it was written) was a moderately new genre of poetry, and Pope's most ambitious work. "An Essay on Criticism" was an attempt to identify and refine his own positions as a poet and critic. The poem was said to be a response to an ongoing debate on the question of whether poetry should be natural, or written according to predetermined artificial rules inherited from the classical past. The poem begins with a discussion of the standard rules that govern poetry by which a critic passes judgment. Pope comments on the classical authors who dealt with such standards, and the authority that he believed should be accredited to them. He concludes that the rules of the ancients are identical with the rules of Nature, and fall in the category of poetry and painting, which like religion and morality, reflect natural law

The "Essay on Man" is a philosophical poem, written in heroic couplets and published between 1732 and 1734. Pope intended this poem to be the centrepiece of a proposed system of ethics that was to be put forth in poetic form. It was a piece of work that Pope intended to make into a larger work; however, he did not live to complete it. The Essay on Man is an attempt to justify the ways of God to Man, and that man is not himself the centre of all things. The essay is not solely Christian; however, it makes an assumption that man has fallen and must seek his own salvation.

Pope's translation of the Iliad appeared between 1715 and 1720. It was acclaimed by Samuel Johnson as "a performance which no age or nation could hope to equal" (although the classical scholar Richard Bentley wrote: "It is a pretty poem, Mr. Pope, but you must not call it Homer.").


Alexander Pope Quotes

ballani A God without dominion, providence, and final causes, is nothing else but fate and nature.

ballani A little learning is a dangerous thing; Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring.

ballani A man should never be ashamed to own he has been in the wrong, which is but saying, in other words, that he is wiser today than he was yesterday.

ballani Act well your part, there all the honour lies.

ballani Beauties in vain their pretty eyes may roll; charms strike the sight, but merit wins the soul.

ballani Blessed is the man who expects nothing, for he shall never be disappointed was the ninth beatitude.

ballaniCharms strike the sight, but merit wins the soul.

ballaniFools admire, but men of sense approve.

ballaniFools rush in where angels fear to tread.

ballani Histories are more full of examples of the fidelity of dogs than of friends.

ballani Man never thinks himself happy, but when he enjoys those things which others want or desire.

ballani Many men have been capable of doing a wise thing, more a cunning thing, but very few a generous thing.

ballaniNever elated when someone's oppressed, never dejected when another one's blessed.

ballaniNever find fault with the absent.

ballani No one should be ashamed to admit they are wrong, which is but saying, in other words, that they are wiser today than they were yesterday.

ballani No woman ever hates a man for being in love with her, but many a woman hate a man for being a friend to her.

ballaniOrder is heaven's first law.

ballani Some people will never learn anything, for this reason, because they understand everything too soon.

ballani Teach me to feel another's woe, to hide the fault I see, that mercy I to others show, that mercy show to me.

ballaniThe greatest magnifying glasses in the world are a man's own eyes when they look upon his own person.

ballani There is a certain majesty in simplicity which is far above all the quaintness of wit.

ballaniTo be angry is to revenge the faults of others on ourselves.

ballaniTo err is human; to forgive, divine.

ballaniTrue ease in writing comes from art, not chance, as those who move easiest have learned to dance.

ballaniWhat some call health, if purchased by perpetual anxiety about diet, isn't much better than tedious disease.

ballani Wit is the lowest form of humor.

Selected from Brainyquote.com

popehouse
Alexander Pope's House At Twickenham in the West of London.
(The work of art is in the public domain)

pope2
Portrait of Pope by William Hoare (1707-1792)
(The work of art is in the public domain.)

pope3
Alexander Pope by Jean-Baptiste van Loo, ca 1742
(This work of art is in the public domain.)

popedying
The death of Alexander Pope from Museus, a threnody by William Mason (1724 – 1797).
Diana (Goddess of Hunt in Roman mythology) holdsthe dying Pope, and
John Milton
, Edmund Spenser, and Geoffrey Chaucer prepare to welcome him to heaven.

(This work of art is in the public domain.)

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