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天覆之

4/15/2016

天覆之,地载之,圣人治之。圣人之身犹日也。夫日圆 尺,光盈天地。圣人之身小,其所烛远。圣人正己,而四方治矣。上纲苟直,百目皆开;德行苟直,群物皆正。政也者,正人者也。身不正则人不从。是故不言而 信,不怒而威,不施而仁。有诸心而彼正,谓之至政。今人曰:天下乱矣,难以为善。此不然也。夫饥者易食,寒者易衣,此乱而后易为德也。

--《尸子·神明》

Heaven Covers Everythíng

东山译

Heaven covers everything; Earth nurtures all. Sages govern the world. Sages are like the sun The sun looks only a foot in diameter, but it illuminates everywhere under heaven and everything on earth. Sages' physiques may not be grand, yet the light of their benevolence can reach everybody and everywhere far and wide. When sages are role models in thoughts, speech and actions, the world all over will enjoy peace and order. When the key policies on the top are appropriate, then everything at lower levels will be carried out the right way. When sages practice virtues, the commons all over the country will do everything properly. The governing body is to lead the people to do things the right way. If governors do not behave properly, the people will not obey. For good rulers even if they do not speak, people trust them and behave with integrity. Even if they do not show anger, their mighty power can be felt by the subordinates; even if they do not patronize charity,people still feel their benevolent heart. When the ruler has an idea, people soon put it into practice with honesty. This is regarded as the highest level of governance. Some people say: "The country is now in a chaos, it will be hard to govern properly." This is not true. As we know hungry people are easy to feed, when people feel cold they are not picky for warm clothes. That is why the people in turmoil are craving to be guided back to the realm of virtues and state of peace.

-《Shizi·Shenming》

【作者简介】尸子名尸佼,战国时期著名的政治家、道家等思想家,先秦诸子百家之一。《史记孟子荀卿列传》曰:"楚有尸子、长卢(长卢子)。世多有其书故不论其传云。"魏国曲沃(今山西省曲沃县)人,另一说法是山东人。明于刑名之术,被称为"尸子"。《尸子》中提出"四方上下曰宇,往古来今曰宙。"这是迄今在中国典籍中找到的与现代"时空"概念最好的对应。他对于空间观、时间观还作了进一步论述,并对"学积有生"、"从道必吉"、"重民"的观点作过重要的阐述。对道家思想多有继承和发展。他一生中对于社会改革、对于哲学思想都有重大的贡献。全书已亡,难窥其原貌思想。(引自"百度")

(原载《海外南开人》104期,4/21/2016)


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